Sub-micrometer-sized metal tubes from electrospun fiber templates.

Academic Article


  • Metallic tubes have been synthesized by a polymer-based template approach using electroless deposition. Gold, copper, and nickel were deposited as thin films on sub-micrometer polymer fibers which ranged in diameter from approximately 160 to 400 nm. After thermal degradation of the template fibers at 300 and 650 degrees C, tubes between 450 and 730 nm were obtained with wall thicknesses of 50-150 nm. Characterization by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and powder X-ray diffraction indicate that the tubes have a face-centered cubic structure with [111] preferred orientation for all of the metals investigated and that the tube walls are polycrystalline, composed of nanoparticles, ranging in size from 5.0 to 25.0 nm.
  • Authors

  • Ochanda, Frederick
  • Jones, Wayne
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • November 8, 2005
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In

  • Langmuir  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 16262353
  • Start Page

  • 10791
  • End Page

  • 10796
  • Volume

  • 21
  • Issue

  • 23