We report the initial characterization of the cell-associated oligosaccharides produced by four Bradyrhizobium strains: Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110, USDA 94, and ATCC 10324 and Bradyrhizobium sp. strain 32H1. The cell-associated oligosaccharides of these strains were found to be composed solely of glucose and were predominantly smaller than the cyclic beta-1,2-glucans produced by Agrobacterium and Rhizobium species. Linkage studies and nuclear magnetic resonance analyses demonstrated that the bradyrhizobial glucans are linked primarily by beta-1,6 and beta-1,3 glycosidic bonds. Thus, the bradyrhizobia appear to synthesize cell-associated oligosaccharides of structural character substantially different from that of the cyclic beta-1,2-glucans produced by Agrobacterium and Rhizobium species.