Mindfulness-oriented recovery enhancement for internet gaming disorder in U.S. adults: A stage I randomized controlled trial.

Academic Article


  • Empirical studies have identified increasing rates of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and associated adverse consequences. However, very few evidence-based interventions have been evaluated for IGD or problematic video gaming behaviors. This study evaluated Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement (MORE) as a treatment for IGD. Thirty adults (Mage = 25.0, SD = 5.4) with IGD or problematic video gaming behaviors were randomized to 8 weeks of group-based MORE or 8 weeks of a support group (SG) control condition. Outcome measures were administered at pre- and posttreatment and 3-months following treatment completion using self-report instruments. Linear mixed models were used for outcome analyses. MORE participants had significantly greater reductions in the number of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 IGD criteria they met, craving for video gaming, and maladaptive cognitions associated with gaming than SG participants, and therapeutic benefits were maintained at 3-month follow-up. MORE is a promising treatment approach for IGD. (PsycINFO Database Record
  • Authors

  • Li, Wen
  • Garland, Eric L
  • McGovern, Patricia
  • O'Brien, Jennifer
  • Tronnier, Christine
  • Howard, Matthew O
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • June 2017
  • Published In


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Behavior, Addictive
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Male
  • Mindfulness
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States
  • Video Games
  • Young Adult
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 393
  • End Page

  • 402
  • Volume

  • 31
  • Issue

  • 4