Low and high thermal tolerance characteristics for unfed larvae of the winter tick Dermacentor albipictus (Acari: Ixodidae) with special reference to moose.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • We report that larvae of the winter tick Dermacentor albipictus, the only stage that will quest for a host, can tolerate short-term cold shock down to -25°C and short-term heat shock as high as 46°C. Unlike a three host-tick, larvae of D. albipictus have no preconditioning response to low or high temperature exposure by rapid cold hardening (RCH) or heat hardening, and poor ability to acclimate to low and high temperature extremes. Thermal tolerance limits were not improved as the result of larval clustering, and there was only a minimal effect due to changes in photoperiod. These larvae are freeze intolerant and die at higher temperatures (-5 to -10°C) from contact with ice by inoculative freezing. In absence of cold-associated resistance mechanisms, winter survival requires that larvae procure a host before the first snow cover. Their low and high temperature tolerance, however, is a key survival element that adapts them for off-host periods during summer, which in the arctic could allow for northern expansion.
  • Authors

  • Holmes, Christopher J
  • Dobrotka, Cameron J
  • Farrow, David W
  • Rosendale, Andrew J
  • Benoit, Joshua B
  • Pekins, Peter
  • Yoder, Jay A
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • January 2018
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Alaska
  • Alces alces
  • Animal Distribution
  • Animals
  • Cold Temperature
  • Deer
  • Dermacentor
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Hot Temperature
  • Larva
  • Moose
  • New Hampshire
  • New hampshire
  • Range expansion
  • Thermotolerance
  • Tick Infestations
  • United States
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 29103951
  • Start Page

  • 25
  • End Page

  • 30
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 1