Sm-p80-based schistosomiasis vaccine mediated epistatic interactions identified potential immune signatures for vaccine efficacy in mice and baboons.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Schistosomiasis is a neglected parasitic disease of major public health concern as it affects over 250 million people in developing countries. Currently there is no licensed vaccine available against schistosomiasis. The Schistosoma mansoni calpain protein, Sm-p80, is a leading vaccine candidate now ready to move to clinical trials. In order to better assess Sm-p80 vaccine immunogenicity; here we used a systems biology approach employing RNA-sequencing to identify gene signatures and epistatic interactions following Sm-p80 vaccination in mouse and baboon models that may predict vaccine efficacy. Recombinant Sm-p80 + CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) vaccine formulation induced both cellular and humoral immunity genes with a predominant TH1 response as well as TH2 and TH17 gene signatures. Early gene responses and gene-network interactions in mice immunized with rSm-p80 + ODN appear to be initiated through TLR4 signaling. CSF genes, S100A alarmin genes and TNFRSF genes appear to be a signature of vaccine immunogenicity/efficacy as identified by their participation in gene network interactions in both mice and baboons. These gene families may provide a basis for predicting desirable outcomes for vaccines against schistosomiasis leading to a better understanding of the immune system response to vaccination.
  • Authors

  • Rojo, Juan
  • Melkus, Michael W
  • Kottapalli, Kameswara Rao
  • Okiya, Oscar E
  • Sudduth, Justin
  • Zhang, Weidong
  • Molehin, Adebayo J
  • Carter, Darrick
  • Siddiqui, Afzal A
  • Publication Date

  • 2017
  • Published In

  • PLoS ONE  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Helminth
  • Antigens, Helminth
  • Epistasis, Genetic
  • Female
  • Gene Regulatory Networks
  • Immunity, Cellular
  • Immunity, Humoral
  • Male
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Papio
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Schistosoma mansoni
  • Schistosomiasis mansoni
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcriptome
  • Vaccination
  • Vaccines
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • e0171677
  • Volume

  • 12
  • Issue

  • 2