Short communication: The mammalian lignan enterolactone is absorbed by newborn dairy calves fed enterolactone-enriched milk.

Academic Article


  • Flaxseed is the richest source of the plant lignan secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, which is converted to the mammalian lignans enterolactone (EL) and enterodiol by the gut microbiota of ruminants and humans. Enterolactone has been associated with improved animal and human health due to its antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties. The objective of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of EL in newborn dairy calves fed milk replacer or EL-enriched milk. We hypothesized that newborn Holstein calves fed EL-enriched milk would have greater area under the curve and plasma concentration of EL compared with those fed milk replacer. On d 5 of life, calves were administered 2 L of milk replacer (n = 10; low-EL treatment: 123 nmol/L of EL) or 2 L of EL-enriched milk (n = 10; high-EL treatment: 481 nmol/L of EL) during the morning feeding (0700 h). Blood samples were taken from the jugular vein before (0 h) and at 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, and 48 h after oral administration of treatments. The area under the curve for the plasma concentration of EL was analyzed according to the trapezoidal rule between 0 and 12 h after treatment administration, and it was greater in high- (26 nmol/L × h) than low-EL calves (4.30 nmol/L × h). Similarly, the maximum concentration of EL in plasma was greater in high- (5.06 nmol/L) versus low-EL calves (1.95 nmol/L). Furthermore, the time after treatment intake to reach maximum plasma concentration of EL was faster in high- (4.31 h) compared with low-EL (4.44 h) treatment. Calves were able to absorb EL, indicating that EL-enriched milk can potentially be used as source of EL to pre-weaned ruminants.
  • Authors

  • Ghedini, CP
  • Whitehouse, Nancy
  • Moura, DC
  • Oliveira, AS
  • Brito, Andre
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • October 2017
  • Published In


  • 4-Butyrolactone
  • Animal Feed
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Cattle
  • Diet
  • Humans
  • Lignans
  • Milk
  • dairy calf
  • enterolactone
  • lignan
  • pharmacokinetics
  • secoisolariciresinol diglucoside
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 28780087
  • Start Page

  • 8170
  • End Page

  • 8175
  • Volume

  • 100
  • Issue

  • 10