The effects of different intensities of forest management on forest floor organic matter and nitrogen dynamics in northern hardwoods were simulated with a computer model built from the extensive data base of the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study. Three cutting intensities and three rotation lengths were tested. In all cases, both nitrogen availability and forest floor organic matter declined for 15–30 years following cutting and required 60–80 years to recover to precut levels. Rotation length had a much greater effect on the forest floor than harvesting intensity with short-rotation (30-year) complete forest harvesting causing the greatest reduction in both biomass and nitrogen availability. Average forest floor biomass under this treatment was reduced to roughly one-half of that under clear-cutting (90-year rotation).