Asphalt Pavement Aging and Temperature Dependent Properties through a Functionally Graded Viscoelastic Model, Part-I: Development, Implementation and Verification

Conference Paper


  • Asphalt concrete pavements are inherently graded viscoelastic structures. Oxidative aging of asphalt binder and temperature cycling due to climatic conditions are the major cause of such graded non-homogeneity. Current pavement analysis and simulation procedures either ignore or use a layered approach to account for non-homogeneities. For instance, the recently developed Mechanistic-Empirical Design Guide (MEPDG) [1], which was recently approved by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), employs a layered analysis approach to simulate the effects of material aging gradients through the depth of the pavement as a function of pavement age. In the current work, a graded viscoelastic model has been implemented within a numerical framework for the simulation of asphalt pavement responses under various loading conditions. A functionally graded generalized Maxwell model has been used in the development of a constitutive model for asphalt concrete to account for aging and temperature induced property gradients. The associated finite element implementation of the constitutive model incorporates the generalized iso-parametric formulation (GIF) proposed by Kim and Paulino [2], which leads to the graded viscoelastic elements proposed in this work. A solution, based on the correspondence principle, has been implemented in conjunction with the collocation method, which leads to an efficient inverse numerical transform procedure. This work is the first of a two-part paper and focuses on the development, implementation and verification of the aforementioned analysis approach for functionally graded viscoelastic systems. The follow-up paper focuses on the application of this approach.
  • Authors

  • Dave, Eshan
  • Paulino, Glaucio H
  • Buttlar, William G
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • 2010
  • Published In


  • correspondence principle
  • finite-element method
  • functionally graded materials
  • numerical simulations
  • viscoelasticity
  • Start Page

  • 47
  • End Page

  • 52
  • Volume

  • 631-632