Effect of Silo Storage Time on the Characteristics of Virgin and Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement Mixtures

Academic Article


  • Many hot-mix asphalt plants store material in heated silos before it is ready to be transported to construction sites. The time that material is stored in the silo is not controlled and varies widely, depending on several factors. As the material is exposed to elevated temperatures, short-term aging of the binder may occur. Another important consideration is the interaction between reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and virgin binders, as blending or diffusion could occur between the binders. In this study, a virgin and 25% RAP mixture were sampled at incremental silo storage times up to 10 h. Characterization testing included performance grading, rheological indexes, Glover–Rowe parameter evaluation, rolling thin film oven aging on the binders, complex modulus, a simplified viscoelastic continuum damage model (S-VECD) for fatigue, and thermal stress restrained specimen testing of the mixtures. Simulations that used layered viscoelastic critical distresses pavement analysis to predict fatigue behavior from the S-VECD model were used to show the potential effects of silo storage time on pavement life. Results from all tests indicated that mixtures aged with an increase in silo storage time. RAP materials experienced a greater effect; this effect may be a function of the air void content or indication of blending–diffusion in the silo. Rolling thin film oven aging showed that current laboratory conditioning methods do not necessarily simulate asphalt plant production. Production parameters, such as silo storage time, have a significant impact on mixture performance.
  • Authors

  • Jacques, Christopher
  • Sias, Jo
  • Bennert, Thomas
  • Reinke, Gerald
  • Norouzi, Amirhossein
  • Ericson, Christopher
  • Mogawer, Walaa
  • Kim, Y Richard
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • 2016
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 76
  • End Page

  • 85
  • Volume

  • 2573
  • Issue

  • 2573