Biosynthetic arginine decarboxylase in phytopathogenic fungi.

Academic Article


  • It has been reported that while bacteria and higher plants possess two different pathways for the biosynthesis of putrescine, via ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and arginine decarboxylase (ADC); the fungi, like animals, only use the former pathway. We found that contrary to the earlier reports, two of the phytopathogenic fungi (Ceratocystis minor and Verticillium dahliae) contain significant levels of ADC activity with very little ODC. The ADC in these fungi has high pH optimum (8.4) and low Km (0.237 mM for C. minor, 0.103 mM for V. dahliae), and is strongly inhibited by alpha-difluoromethylarginine (DFMA), putrescine and spermidine, further showing that this enzyme is probably involved in the biosynthesis of polyamines and not in the catabolism of arginine as in Escherichia coli. The growth of these fungi is strongly inhibited by DFMA while alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) has little effect.
  • Authors

  • Khan, AJ
  • Minocha, Subhash
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • 1989
  • Published In

  • Life Sciences  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Arginine
  • Ascomycota
  • Carboxy-Lyases
  • Eflornithine
  • Kinetics
  • Mitosporic Fungi
  • Ornithine Decarboxylase
  • Ornithine Decarboxylase Inhibitors
  • Putrescine
  • Spermine
  • Xylariales
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 2497290
  • Start Page

  • 1215
  • End Page

  • 1222
  • Volume

  • 44
  • Issue

  • 17