Photopic spectral sensitivity of the peripheral retina.

Academic Article


  • Photopic spectral sensitivity was determined in the mid- and far-peripheral retina by two methods. The first consisted of measuring increment thresholds on a background similar in spectral composition to CIE Source A. The resulting spectral-sensitivity functions displayed maxima at about 440 nm, in agreement with previous work. The second method consisted of measuring dark-adaptation curves following termination of the background. From these curves, spectral-sensitivity functions were derived for various times in the dark. The results showed that the 440 nm maximum quickly diminished. When photopic thresholds were estimated from the cone plateau of the dark-adaptation curves, the spectral-sensitivity functions peaked at about 550 nm and had much the same shape from the parafovea to the far periphery. We suggest that previous findings of maximum photopic sensitivity in the short-wave region of the spectrum resulted from chromatic adaptation induced by backgrounds (such as Source A) that were weighted towards middle and long waves.
  • Authors

  • Wooten, BR
  • Fuld, Kenneth
  • Spillmann, L
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • March 1975
  • Keywords

  • Adult
  • Color Perception
  • Dark Adaptation
  • Fovea Centralis
  • Humans
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Retina
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 1123689
  • Start Page

  • 334
  • End Page

  • 342
  • Volume

  • 65
  • Issue

  • 3