Identifiable nitrergic neurons in the central nervous system of the nudibranch Melibe leonina localized with NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry and nitric oxide synthase immunoreactivity.

Academic Article


  • Nitric oxide (NO) is a gaseous intercellular messenger produced by the enzyme nitric oxide synthase (NOS). In this study, we used two different techniques-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry and NOS immunocytochemistry-to demonstrate that NOS is present in a pair of identifiable cells in the central nervous system of the nudibranch Melibe leonina. In the Melibe brain, NADPH-d histochemistry revealed only a single pair of bilaterally symmetrical cells in the cerebropleural ganglia. NOS activity also was found in the neuropil of the cerebral, pedal, and buccal ganglia; in the tentacles of the oral hood; in the sensory end of the rhinophores; and in the epithelial tissue of the mouth, preputium, and glans penis. Immunocytochemistry using NOS antisera corroborated the results of the NADPH-d histochemistry by staining the same two cells in the cerebropleural ganglia. Each of these identifiable nitrergic neurons projects into the ipsilateral pedal ganglion. Because the pedal ganglia play a critical role in the control of locomotion, our results provide morphological evidence suggesting that NO may influence swimming or crawling in Melibe leonina.
  • Authors

  • Newcomb, JM
  • Watson, Winsor
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • August 13, 2001
  • Published In


  • Animals
  • Antibodies
  • Ganglia, Invertebrate
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Mollusca
  • NADPH Dehydrogenase
  • Nervous System
  • Neurons
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 11477597
  • Start Page

  • 70
  • End Page

  • 78
  • Volume

  • 437
  • Issue

  • 1