Examination of trends and evidence-based elements in state physical education legislation: a content analysis.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVES: To develop a comprehensive inventory of state physical education (PE) legislation, examine trends in bill introduction, and compare bill factors. METHODS: State PE legislation from January 2001 to July 2007 was identified using a legislative database. Analysis included components of evidence-based school PE from the Community Guide and other authoritative sources: minutes in PE, PE activity, teacher certification, and an environmental element, including facilities and equipment. Researchers abstracted information from each bill and a composite list was developed. RESULTS: In total, 781 bills were analyzed with 162 enacted. Of the 272 bills that contained at least 1 evidence-based element, 43 were enacted. Only 4 bills included all 4 evidence-based elements. Of these 4, 1 was enacted. Funding was mentioned in 175 of the bills introduced (37 enacted) and an evaluation component was present in 172 of the bills (49 enacted). CONCLUSIONS: Based on this analysis, we showed that PE is frequently introduced, yet the proportion of bills with evidence-based elements is low. Future research is needed to provide the types of evidence required for development of quality PE legislation.
  • Authors

  • Eyler, Amy A
  • Brownson, Ross C
  • Aytur, Semra
  • Cradock, Angie L
  • Doescher, Mark
  • Evenson, Kelly R
  • Kerr, Jacqueline
  • Maddock, Jay
  • Pluto, Delores L
  • Steinman, Lesley
  • Tompkins, Nancy O'Hara
  • Troped, Philip
  • Schmid, Thomas L
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • July 2010
  • Published In


  • Child
  • Child Welfare
  • Databases, Factual
  • Evidence-Based Practice
  • Health Policy
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Missouri
  • Motor Activity
  • Physical Education and Training
  • Program Evaluation
  • School Health Services
  • Schools
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 20591097
  • Start Page

  • 326
  • End Page

  • 332
  • Volume

  • 80
  • Issue

  • 7