Positions

Overview

  • James Gardner is a research professor with a Ph.D. in Marine Geology and Geophysics. He completed his thesis on the paleoceanography of the eastern Equatorial Atlantic in 1973. Since joining the Center in 2003, he has been in charge of the U.S. Law of the Sea Bathymetry Project and has conducted mapping in all of the areas of U.S. interest except the Arctic Ocean. This involves planning and conducting mapping cruises, processing the data during each cruise for bathymetry and acoustic backscatter and archiving the data on the CCOM-JHC Law of the Sea website and at NOAA/NGDC.
    His research interests are in investigating the morphology of continental margins and adjacent deep-ocean basins. He speculates on the sedimentary processes that contributed to the evolution of the deep-sea landscapes.
    Dr. Gardner is currently working with various panels of the U.S. State Department’s ECS Task Force to compile the bathymetric evidence for extended continental shelves on U.S. continental margins.
    In addition to leading all non-Arctic US Law of the Sea bathymetry cruises , Jim is also involved in research methods to extract meaningful geological information from multibeam acoustic backscatter through ground truth and advanced image analysis methods.
    Jim was honored by the SEPM/Society of Sedimentary Geology in 2012 by receiving the Francis P. Shepard Medal for Sustained Excellence in Marine Geology.
  • Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title
    2017 The Morphometry of the Deep-Water Sinuous Mendocino Channel and the Immediate Environs, Northeastern Pacific OceanGeosciences (Switzerland).  7:124-124. 2017
    2017 The role of deep-water sedimentary processes in shaping a continental margin: The Northwest AtlanticMarine Geology.  393:245-259. 2017
    2016 An ultrahigh-latitude submarine channel: Northern Chukchi RiseGeological Society Memoir.  46:391-392. 2016
    2016 Cascades and plunge pools on the continental slope of the Gulf of AlaskaGeological Society Memoir.  46:389-390. 2016
    2016 Chatham Fan and adjacent upper Baranof Fan channels and levee, US Gulf of Alaska marginGeological Society Memoir.  46:387-388. 2016
    2016 Hatteras Transverse Canyon, Hatteras Outer Ridge and environs of the US Atlantic margin: A view from multibeam bathymetry and backscatterMarine Geology.  371:18-32. 2016
    2014 So, How Deep Is the Mariana Trench?Marine Geodesy.  37:1-13. 2014
    2013 Geomorphometry and processes that built Necker Ridge, central North Pacific OceanMarine Geology.  346:310-325. 2013
    2012 Geological interpretation of a low-backscatter anomaly found on the New Jersey continental marginMarine Geology.  326:46-54. 2012
    2012 The International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean (IBCAO) Version 3.0Geophysical Research Letters.  39:n/a-n/a. 2012
    2011 The Seafloor: A Key Factor in Lidar Bottom DetectionIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing.  49:1150-1157. 2011
    2010 The West Mariana Ridge, western Pacific Ocean: Geomorphology and processes from new multibeam dataBulletin of the Geological Society of America.  122:1378-1388. 2010
    2009 Plume 1400 meters high discovered at the seafloor off the Northern California marginEos.  90:274-275. 2009
    2009 Seafloor terrain analysis and geomorphology of the greater Los Angeles Margin and San Pedro Basin, Southern CaliforniaSpecial Paper of the Geological Society of America.  454:9-28. 2009
    2007 Drowned shelf-edge deltas, barrier islands and related features along the outer continental shelf north of the head of De Soto Canyon, NE Gulf of MexicoGeomorphology.  89:370-390. 2007
    2007 Geophysical insights into the Transition fault debate: Propagating strike slip in response to stalling Yakutat block subduction in the Gulf of AlaskaGeology.  35:763-766. 2007
    2007 Geophysical insights into the transition fault debate: Propagating strike slip in response to stalling Yakutat block subduction in the Gulf of AlaskaGeology.  35:763-766. 2007
    2006 Mapping supports potential submission to U.N. Law of the SeaEos.  87:157-159. 2006
    2005 High-resolution multibeam bathymetry and acoustic backscatter of selected northwestern Gulf of Mexico outer shelf banksGulf of Mexico Science.  23:5-29. 2005
    2005 60 k.y. record of extension across the western boundary of the Basin and Range province: Estimate of slip rates from offset shoreline terraces and a catastrophic slide beneath Lake TahoeGeology.  33:365-368. 2005
    2005 Multibeam bathymetric and sediment profiler evidence for ice grounding on the Chukchi Borderland, Arctic OceanQuaternary Research.  63:150-160. 2005
    2005 US law of the sea mappingHydro International.  9:42-45. 2005
    2005 Shelf-edge deltas and drowned barrier-island complexes on the northwest Florida outer continental shelfGeomorphology.  64:133-166. 2005
    2004 Crater lake revealedGeoSpatial Solutions.  14:58. 2004
    2004 Predicting seafloor facies from multibeam bathymetry and backscatter dataPhotogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing.  70:1081-1091. 2004
    2004 Sedimentary processes of the lower Monterey Fan channel and channel-mouth lobeMarine Geology.  206:181-198. 2004
    2004 Holocene to Pliocene tectonic evolution of the region offshore of the Los Angeles urban corridor, southern CaliforniaTectonics.  23:TC1016 1-34. 2004
    2003 Geomorphology, acoustic backscatter, and processes in Santa Monica Bay from multibeam mapping.Marine Environmental Research.  56:15-46. 2003
    2002 Morphology, volcanism, and mass wasting in Crater Lake, OregonBulletin of the Geological Society of America.  114:675-692. 2002
    2002 The significance of pockmarks to understanding fluid flow processes and geohazardsGeofluids.  2:127-136. 2002
    2001 Physiography and late Quaternary-Holocene processes of Northeastern Gulf of Mexico outer continental shelf off Mississippi and AlabamaGulf of Mexico Science.  19:132-157. 2001
    2001 Mapping southern puget sound delta fronts after 2001 earthquakeEos.  82:485-489. 2001
    2000 Intensification of the northeast Pacific oxygen minimum zone during the Bolling-Allerod warm periodPaleoceanography.  15:528-536. 2000
    2000 Using high-resolution multibeam bathymetry to identify seafloor surface rupture along the Palos Verdes fault complex in offshore southern CaliforniaGeology.  28:587-590. 2000
    2000 Morphology and processes in Lake Tahoe (California-Nevada)Bulletin of the Geological Society of America.  112:736-746. 2000
    1999 Sidescan-sonar mapping of benthic trawl marks on the shelf and slope off Eureka, CaliforniaFishery Bulletin.  97:786-801. 1999
    1999 Geometry and significance of stacked gullies on the northern California slopeMarine Geology.  154:271-286. 1999
    1999 Humboldt Slide - a large shear-dominated retrogressive slope failureMarine Geology.  154:323-338. 1999
    1998 High-resolution multibeam bathymetry of East and West Flower Gardens and Stetson Banks, Gulf of MexicoGulf of Mexico Science.  16:131-143. 1998
    1998 Pleistocene to Holocene contrasts in organic matter production and preservation on the California continental marginBulletin of the Geological Society of America.  110:888-899. 1998
    1998 Mapping U.S. Continental Shelves: Enabled by High-Resolution Multibeam Systems, Advances in Data Processing, USGS Begins Systematic Mapping ProgramSea Technology.  39:10-17. 1998
    1998 Mapping US continental shelvesSea Technology.  39:10-17. 1998
    1997 Inorganic geochemical indicators of glacial-interglacial changes in productivity and anoxia on the California continental marginGeochmica et Cosmochimica Acta.  61:4507-4518. 1997
    1997 Biogenic sedimentation beneath the California Current system for the past 30 kyr and its paleoceanographic significancePaleoceanography.  12:207-225. 1997
    1996 Continental-slope sedimentation: The view from Northern CaliforniaOceanography.  9:163-167. 1996
    1996 Ventilation changes in the northeast Pacific during the last deglaciationPaleoceanography.  11:519-528. 1996
    1996 Late quaternary deltaic and carbonate sedimentation in the Gulf of Papua foreland basin: Response to sea-level changeJournal of Sedimentary Research, Section A: Sedimentary Petrology and Processes.  66:801-819. 1996
    1994 GEOCHEMICAL EVIDENCE FOR ENHANCED PRESERVATION OF ORGANIC-MATTER IN THE OXYGEN MINIMUM ZONE OF THE CONTINENTAL-MARGIN OF NORTHERN CALIFORNIA DURING THE LATE PLEISTOCENEPaleoceanography.  9:47-61. 1994
    1994 REVISED AGES FOR LAMINATED SEDIMENT AND A HOLOCENE-MARKER DIATOM FROM THE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA CONTINENTAL-SLOPEQuaternary Research.  41:131-135. 1994
    1993 DIGITAL IMAGING OF SEDIMENT CORES FOR ARCHIVES AND RESEARCHJournal of Sedimentary Petrology.  63:750-752. 1993
    1992 GLORIA mapping in the Pacific BasinGeological Survey Circular (United States).  1092:45-48. 1992
    1991 VALENCIA GORGE - POSSIBLE MESSINIAN REFILL CHANNEL FOR THE WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN-SEAGeology.  19:1129-1132. 1991
    1991 GROUND-TRUTHING 6.5-KHZ SIDE SCAN SONOGRAPHS - WHAT ARE WE REALLY IMAGINGJournal of Geophysical Research.  96:5955-5974. 1991
    1990 INORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY OF SURFACE SEDIMENTS OF THE EBRO SHELF AND SLOPE, NORTHWESTERN MEDITERRANEANMarine Geology.  95:225-245. 1990
    1990 SEDIMENTARY EVOLUTION OF THE PLIOCENE AND PLEISTOCENE EBRO MARGIN, NORTHEASTERN SPAINMarine Geology.  95:313-331. 1990
    1990 EXPRESSION OF SEASONAL AND ENSO FORCING IN CLIMATIC VARIABILITY AT LOWER THAN ENSO FREQUENCIES - EVIDENCE FROM PLEISTOCENE MARINE VARVES OFF CALIFORNIAPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.  78:287-300. 1990
    1990 PLIOCENE-PLEISTOCENE GROWTH OF THE RIO-EBRO MARGIN, NORTHEAST SPAIN - A PROGRADING-SLOPE MODELBulletin of the Geological Society of America.  102:721-733. 1990
    1989 CHANGES IN REDOX CONDITIONS IN DEEP-SEA SEDIMENTS OF THE SUBARCTIC NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN: POSSIBLE EVIDENCE FOR THE PRESENCE OF NORTH PACIFIC DEEP WATERPaleoceanography.  4:639-653. 1989
    1989 INFLUENCE OF SHIMADA SEAMOUNT ON SEDIMENT COMPOSITION IN THE EASTERN TROPICAL NORTH PACIFICGeochmica et Cosmochimica Acta.  53:1523-1536. 1989
    1989 MORPHOLOGY AND GROWTH HISTORY OF DELGADA FAN - IMPLICATIONS FOR THE NEOGENE EVOLUTION OF POINT ARENA BASIN AND THE MENDOCINO TRIPLE JUNCTIONJournal of Geophysical Research.  94:3139-3158. 1989
    1988 Clear Lake record vs. the adjacent marine record; A correlation of their past 20,000 years of paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic responsesSpecial Paper of the Geological Society of America.  214:171-182. 1988
    1988 Physiography of the western United States Exclusive Economic ZoneGeology.  16:131-134. 1988
    1987 GLORIA images of Zhemchug Canyon and Bering channel-fan system, Bering Sea.Geological Survey Circular (United States).  998:147-151. 1987
    1987 PERSISTENT LATE PLEISTOCENE HOLOCENE SEASONAL UPWELLING AND VARVES OFF THE COAST OF CALIFORNIAQuaternary Research.  28:307-313. 1987
    1987 SEDIMENTARY PROCESSES ON THE NORTHWESTERN IBERIAN CONTINENTAL-MARGIN VIEWED BY LONG-RANGE SIDE-SCAN SONAR AND SEISMIC DATAJournal of Sedimentary Petrology.  57:397-407. 1987
    1987 BENTHIC FORAMINIFERS ON THE CONTINENTAL-SHELF AND UPPER SLOPE, RUSSIAN RIVER AREA, NORTHERN CALIFORNIAJournal of Foraminiferal Research.  17:132-152. 1987
    1987 OBSERVATIONS OF SUBTIDAL CURRENTS OVER THE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA CONTINENTAL-SLOPE AND ADJACENT BASIN - SOME EVIDENCE FOR LOCAL WIND FORCINGJournal of Geophysical Research.  92:1709-1720. 1987
    1987 TIDAL CURRENTS SEAWARD OF THE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA CONTINENTAL-SHELFJournal of Geophysical Research.  92:1733-1744. 1987
    1986 MILANKOVITCH CYCLES IN NEOGENE DEEP-SEA SEDIMENTPaleoceanography.  1:539-553. 1986
    1986 EVIDENCE FOR A STRONGER OXYGEN-MINIMUM ZONE OFF CENTRAL CALIFORNIA DURING LATE PLEISTOCENE TO EARLY HOLOCENEGeology.  14:691-694. 1986
    1986 DISTRIBUTION AND CHARACTER OF PALE GREEN LAMINAE IN SEDIMENT FROM LORD HOWE RISE - A PROBABLE LATE NEOGENE AND QUATERNARY TEPHROSTRATIGRAPHIC RECORDINITIAL REPORTS OF THE DEEP SEA DRILLING PROJECT.  90:1145-1159. 1986
    1985 MORPHOLOGY OF UPPER LAURENTIAN FAN USING GLORIA LONG-RANGE SIDE-SCAN SONARAAPG Bulletin.  69:950-959. 1985
    1985 PALEOTECTONIC IMPLICATIONS OF INCREASED LATE EOCENE EARLY OLIGOCENE VOLCANISM FROM SOUTH-PACIFIC DSDP SITESNature Nature: New biology.  316:507-511. 1985
    1984 SHIMADA SEAMOUNT - AN EXAMPLE OF RECENT MID-PLATE VOLCANISMBulletin of the Geological Society of America.  95:855-862. 1984
    1983 Deep-Sea Drilling Project Leg 90: The South Pacific CenozoicNature Nature: New biology.  303:18-19. 1983
    1983 SEDIMENTARY PROCESSES ON THE IBERIAN CONTINENTAL-MARGIN VIEWED BY LONG-RANGE SIDE-CAN SONAR .1. GULF OF CADIZOceanologica Acta.  6:245-254. 1983
    1982 Initial reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 68, Willemstad, Curacao, to Guayaquil, Ecuador, August-September 1979. 1982
    1982 A CLIMATE-RELATED OXIDIZING EVENT IN DEEP-SEA SEDIMENT FROM THE BERING SEAQuaternary Research.  18:91-107. 1982
    1982 EARTHQUAKE-INDUCED SEDIMENT FAILURES ON A 0.25-DEGREE SLOPE, KLAMATH RIVER DELTA, CALIFORNIAGeology.  10:542-546. 1982
    1981 FAULTING IN OUTER CONTINENTAL-SHELF OF SOUTHERN BERING SEAAAPG Bulletin.  65:1568-1573. 1981
    1981 GEOCHEMICAL PROSPECTING FOR HYDROCARBONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL-SHELF, SOUTHERN BERING SEA, ALASKAJournal of Geochemical Exploration.  14:209-219. 1981
    1981 TERTIARY CARBONATE-DISSOLUTION CYCLES ON THE SIERRA LEONE RISE, EASTERN EQUATORIAL ATLANTIC-OCEANMarine Geology.  39:81-101. 1981
    1980 MAPPING GEOLOGIC STRUCTURAL FEATURES IN TROPICAL FOREST AREAS USING SLAR: AN EXAMPLE FROM CENTRAL AMERICA.Proceedings of the International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment.  2:1083-1088. 1980
    1980 HYDRAULIC PISTON CORING OF LATE NEOGENE AND QUATERNARY SECTIONS IN THE CARIBBEAN AND EQUATORIAL PACIFIC - PRELIMINARY-RESULTS OF DEEP-SEA DRILLING PROJECT LEG 68Bulletin of the Geological Society of America.  91:433-444. 1980
    1980 NEOGENE SEDIMENTATION ON THE OUTER CONTINENTAL-MARGIN, SOUTHERN BERING SEAMarine Geology.  36:269-287. 1980
    1980 PETROGRAPHY AND GEOLOGIC SIGNIFICANCE OF UPPER JURASSIC ROCKS DREDGED NEAR PRIBILOF ISLANDS, SOUTHERN BERING SEA CONTINENTAL-SHELFAAPG Bulletin.  64:945-950. 1980
    1980 SEDIMENTOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF SURFACE SEDIMENTS, OUTER CONTINENTAL-SHELF, SOUTHERN BERING SEAMarine Geology.  35:299-329. 1980
    1976 Equatorial Atlantic and Caribbean foraminiferal assemblages, temperatures, and circulation: Interglacial and glacial comparisonsMemoir of the Geological Society of America.  145:247-266. 1976
    1976 Glacial North Atlantic 18,000 years ago: A CLIMAP reconstructionMemoir of the Geological Society of America.  145:43-76. 1976
    1976 Responses of sea-surface temperature and circulation to global climatic change during the past 200,000 years in the eastern equatorial Atlantic oceanMemoir of the Geological Society of America.  145:221-246. 1976
    1974 Symposium: Climate changes: Patterns and mechanismsGeology.  2:137-138. 1974
    1970 Submarine geology of the western Coral seaBulletin of the Geological Society of America.  81:2599-2614. 1970

    Book

    Year Title
    1986 LATE NEOGENE AND QUATERNARY COARSE-FRACTION AND CARBONATE STRATIGRAPHIES FOR SITE 586 ON ONTONG-JAVA PLATEAU AND SITE 591 ON LORD HOWE RISE.  Ed. 90.  1986
    1984 CARBONATE AND ORGANIC-CARBON CYCLES AND THE HISTORY OF UPWELLING AT DEEP-SEA DRILLING PROJECT SITE 532, WALVIS RIDGE, SOUTH-ATLANTIC OCEAN.  Ed. 75.  1984
    1982 High-resolution carbonate and organic- carbon stratigraphies for the late Neogene and Quaternary from the western Caribbean and eastern equatorial Pacific. 1982
    1982 Leg 68: introduction, explanatory notes and conventions. 1982
    1982 Origin and geochemistry of redox cycles of Jurassic to Eocene age, Cape Verde Basin ( DSDP Site 367), continental margin of north west Africa. 1982
    1982 Site 502: Colombia Basin, western Caribbean Sea. 1982
    1982 Site 503: eastern equatorial Pacific. 1982
    1982 Underway geophysics collected on Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 68. 1982

    Conference Proceeding

    Year Title
    2005 Benthic habitat mapping with advanced technologies and their applicationBenthic Habitats and the Effects of Fishing. 139-140. 2005
    2005 Using laser technology to characterize substrate morphology and geology of selected lake trout spawning habitat in northern Lake MichiganBenthic Habitats and the Effects of Fishing. 165-169. 2005
    2004 Submarine landslides of San Pedro Escarpment, southwest of Long Beach, CaliforniaMarine Geology. 261-268. 2004
    2003 Geointelligence for assessing natural resource project risksIGARSS 2003: IEEE INTERNATIONAL GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING SYMPOSIUM, VOLS I - VII, PROCEEDINGS. 4555-4557. 2003
    2003 High-resolution multibeam mapping and submersible surveys of topographic features in the northwestern Gulf of MexicoOceans Conference Record (IEEE). 1286-1286. 2003
    2003 Virtual reality technology for lidar data analysisProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. 48-57. 2003
    2000 Interactive 3-D visualization: A tool for seafloor navigation, exploration and engineeringOCEANS 2000 MTS/IEEE - WHERE MARINE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY MEET, VOLS 1-3, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS. 913-919. 2000
    1999 Using multibeam sonar surveys for submarine landslide investigationsSLOPE STABILITY ENGINEERING, VOLS 1 & 2. 127-134. 1999
    1998 The limits of spatial resolution achievable using a 30kHz multibeam sonar: model predictions and field results.OCEANS'98 - CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, VOLS 1-3. 1823-1827. 1998
    1994 LANDSAT AND THE MIDWEST FLOOD OF 1993PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND THEMATIC CONFERENCE ON REMOTE SENSING FOR MARINE AND COASTAL ENVIRONMENTS - NEEDS, SOLUTIONS, AND APPLICATIONS, VOL I. 80-84. 1994
    1994 LANDSAT AND THE MIDWEST FLOOD OF 1993PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND THEMATIC CONFERENCE ON REMOTE SENSING FOR MARINE AND COASTAL ENVIRONMENTS: NEEDS, SOLUTIONS, AND APPLICATIONS, VOLS I AND II. A80-A84. 1994
    1991 QUATERNARY SEDIMENTARY PROCESSES ON THE NORTHWESTERN AFRICAN CONTINENTAL-MARGIN - AN INTEGRATED STUDY USING SIDE-SCAN SONAR, HIGH-RESOLUTION PROFILING, AND CORE DATAAAPG Bulletin. 1416-1416. 1991
    1991 USE OF SPATIAL VARIABILITY IN GLORIA IMAGES TO CHARACTERIZE STRUCTURAL FEATURES ON THE OCEAN-FLOOROCEANIS 91, VOLS 1-3. 949-949. 1991
    1988 FACIES ARCHITECTURE AND PROCESSES OF POST-MESSINIAN PROGRADING BASIN FILL, VALENCIA TROUGH, WESTERN MEDITERRANEANAAPG Bulletin. 1002-1002. 1988
    1987 GLORIA SIDE-SCAN IMAGERY OF ALEUTIAN BASIN, BERING SEA SLOPE AND ABYSSAL-PLAINAAPG Bulletin. 536-536. 1987
    1986 SONOGRAPH MOSAIC OF UNITED-STATES WEST-COAST EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONEAAPG Bulletin. 922-923. 1986
    1986 GLORIA MOSAIC OF WEST-COAST UNITED-STATES EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE, SOUTHERN SECTORAAPG Bulletin. 593-593. 1986
    1985 MORPHOLOGY OF CENTRAL CALIFORNIA CONTINENTAL-MARGIN, REVEALED BY LONG-RANGE SIDE-SCAN SONAR (GLORIA)AAPG Bulletin. 257-257. 1985
    1983 SEDIMENT DRIFTING AND OTHER PROCESSES ON THE IBERIAN CONTINENTAL-MARGIN AND IN THE GULF OF CADIZJournal of the Geological Society. 977-977. 1983
    1980 HYDRAULIC PISTON CORING IN EQUATORIAL PACIFIC - PRELIMINARY-RESULTS FROM DSDP SITE 503 (LEG 68) INDICATE CONTINUOUS SECTION OF UNDISTURBED LATE NOEGENE AND QUATERNARY SEDIMENTAAPG Bulletin. 711-711. 1980
    1977 FAULTING, UNSTABLE SEDIMENTS AND SURFACE SEDIMENTS IN SOUTHERN BERING SEA OUTER CONTINENTAL-SHELF AND SLOPETRANSACTIONS-AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION. 404-404. 1977
    1976 SUBSIDENCE AND UPLIFT OFF WEST-AFRICA - GEOLOGICAL RESULTS FROM LEG 41, DEEP-SEA DRILLING PROJECTAnais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias. 297-297. 1976

    Education And Training

  • B.S. Geology/Earth Science, San Diego State Univ
  • M.A. Geology/Earth Science, Columbia University in the City of New York
  • Ph.D. Geological/Geophysical Eng., Columbia University in the City of New York
  • Full Name

  • James Gardner